Antibacterial Ingredients in Indoor Dust Could Contribute to Antibiotic Resistance

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To better understand the problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, researchers have been piecing together its contributing factors. Now in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology, scientists report for the first time a link between antimicrobial substances such as triclosan in indoor dust and levels of antibiotic-resistance genes, which can transfer from one bacterial cell to another. The overuse of antibiotics … Read More

Pets and Children are a Potential Source of Clostridium difficile in the Community

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Household transmission of Clostridium difficile to pets and children may be a source of community-associated C. difficile infections according to findings from a new study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. The study found that patients with this bacteria can colonize or infect household contacts following or during treatment for an infection. “C. difficile is primarily a healthcare-associated … Read More

New Zika Clone Could be New Model for Developing Vaccine

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Stopping the explosive spread of Zika virus – which can lead to birth defects in babies born to infected mothers – depends on genetic insights gleaned through new tools and models. Researchers at the National Institutes of Health recently cloned an epidemic strain of the virus, creating a model that can help biologists develop and test strategies for stopping the … Read More

Time of Day Influences Our Susceptibility to Infection, Study Finds

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We are more susceptible to infection at certain times of the day as our body clock affects the ability of viruses to replicate and spread between cells, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge. The findings, published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, may help explain why shift workers, whose body clocks are routinely disrupted, … Read More

Clinical Trial Will Examine Investigational Vaccine Against Mosquito-Borne Illness

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As world leaders increasingly recognize the Zika virus as an international public health threat, the Center for Vaccine Development at the University of Maryland School of Medicine’s Institute for Global Health has been chosen as one of three study sites in a human safety trial of a new Zika vaccine. The early-stage study will evaluate the experimental vaccine’s safety and … Read More

Glucose Transporters Blocked in Bacterial Meningitis

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Escherichia coli K1 (E. coli K1) continues to be a major threat to the health of young infants. Affecting the central nervous system, it causes neonatal meningitis by multiplying in immune cells, such as macrophages, and then disseminating into the bloodstream Meningitis can be caused by bacterial, fungal or viral pathogens. One hallmark of bacterial meningitis is reduced glucose levels … Read More

Anthrax Capsule Vaccine Shown to Protect Against Lethal Inhalational Anthrax in Primate Model

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Vaccination with the anthrax capsule–a naturally occurring component of the bacterium that causes the disease–completely protected monkeys from lethal anthrax infection, according to a study published online this week in the journal VACCINE. These results indicate that anthrax capsule is a highly effective vaccine component that should be considered for incorporation in future generation anthrax vaccines. Bacillus anthracis, the bacterium … Read More

New funding will support nationwide focus on substance misuse

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University of Alberta (Edmonton) Substance misuse and addiction is a complex health and social issue that affects as many as 21 per cent of Canadians. It transcends social, economic and geographic borders. And though there are many interventions and treatment strategies known to have positive results, few have been widely implemented across the country. That will change with the announcement … Read More